Articles

Running into the Chinese wall

bharat ias - Running into the Chinese wall

Context

The MasoodAzhar case is a piece in the fragmenting jigsaw of global terror consensus

Issue: Chinese veto of India’s proposal to ban Jaish-e-Mohammed (JeM) chief MasoodAzhar at the UN

 

§  In the past, Beijing blocked India’s proposals at the UN to designate HizbulMujahideen chief Syed Salahuddin and Abdul RehmanMakki and AzamCheema of the Lashkar-e-Taiba as terrorists, and blocked questions on how designated terrorists Hafiz Saeed and Zaki-ur-RehmanLakhvi accessed funds in Pakistan despite UN sanctions

JeM designated a terror group

Despite all the evidence, it took two years and the 9/11 attacks for the JeM to be designated as a terror group by UNSC 1267 sanctions committee in 2001. It seems unbelievable that 15 years later, despite his complicity in everything from the Parliament attack to the Pathankot attack and everything in between, Azhar hasn’t yet been added to that list

Larger issue

it would be mistake if India sees China’s move purely from a bilateral perspective and ignores the larger trend it represents: of a fragmenting global consensus on terrorism

 Changing Narrative

A common enemy: After the 9/11 attacks, the global consensus to fight the Taliban, Al-Qaeda and all allied groups was formed by the UNSC resolution on terrorism (UNSCR 1373) in 2001.

§  Already, in 1999, the UN had set up an al-Qaeda/Taliban sanctions committee (UNSCR 1267) to impose strictures on anyone dealing with the Taliban and Osama bin Laden. While the implementation of these resolutions has been questionable, there was little doubt that all member states essentially believed that the Taliban, al-Qaeda and their allies formed a common global enemy.

 The Change

the above narrative has changed.

§  In January 2010, at an international conference hosted by the U.K., the UN and the U.S. openly backed efforts to talk peace with the Taliban

§  In 2011, the UNSC made it simply the al-Qaeda sanctions committee, separating the Taliban committee so as to facilitate talks by delisting Taliban leaders being engaged

§  In December 2015, the UNSC made a further shift by renaming it “ISIL (Da’esh) and Al-Qaida Sanctions Committee” (UNSCR/2253). This renaming prompted Pakistan to ask recently, albeit mistakenly, how the banning of Azhar was even connected to the committee’s work

Impact of US Russia ties

Apart from the UN, shifting U.S.-Russia ties have also made a great impact on the global terror consensus.

§  Initial solidarity: In 2001, Russian President Vladimir Putin was one of the first foreign leaders to speak to President George W. Bush, expressing full support for the U.S. fight against al-Qaeda, which would in turn help Russia with its Islamist threat as well. Not only that, Mr. Putin reversed Russian policy of decades, allowing the U.S. to set up bases across Central Asia and virtually take over Afghanistan’s security command

§  The above relationship no longer exists& Russia is questioning US presence in its backyard again. It now sees U.S.’s bases in Afghanistan as akin to having Russian bases in Mexico.

Increasing closeness with China & Pakistan

The third factor impacting global consensus on terrorism is the

§  Russia’s closeness with China and Pakistan:  A trilateral meeting of the three countries in December in Moscow called for a “flexible approach” to remove some Taliban figures from the UN sanctions list as part of efforts to “foster a peaceful dialogue between Kabul and the Taliban movement”

US’s efforts

The U.S. has been pushing for the removal of other groups in Afghanistan from sanctions, like the Hizb-e-Islami’sGulbuddinHekmatyar (a former Central Intelligence Agency-funded fighter), a move that Russia blocked at the UN

Picking teams

Above mentioned facts clearly state one thing,

§  Global leaders are picking sides

§  Neither side has yet pushed for the banning of the new Taliban chief, HaibatullahAkhundzada, a reminder of how far away we have come on that global consensus. Also lying in the dust is India’s decades-old proposal for a Comprehensive Convention on International Terrorism

Russian concern

Russia’s growing closeness to Pakistan cannot be disconnected from India

§  Russia did nothing at all: It is significant that among the P5, the U.S., U.K. and France co-sponsored India’s resolution against Azhar, China vetoed it, but Russia, India’s traditional backer, did nothing at all

§  At the BRICS summit in October and the Heart of Asia conference in December, it was the Russia-China combine that kept India’s desire for tough statements on “cross-border terrorism” from Pakistan at bay, and it was the Russian envoy who told India not to use “multilateral forums for bilateral issues”

 Conclusion

theAzhar ban is only a piece of the much larger global jigsaw puzzle. India must build strong ties with all the nations involved.

 

 


Publishes on : 10-Jan-2017 05:00 PM

ias coaching classes in bangalore,ias coaching classes in bangalore,ias coaching classes in bangalore,ias coaching classes in bangalore,ias coaching classes in bangalore,ias coaching classes in bangalore,ias coaching classes in bangalore,ias coaching classes in bangalore,ias coaching classes in bangalore,ias coaching classes in bangalore,ias coaching classes in bangalore,ias coaching classes in bangalore,ias coaching classes in bangalore,ias coaching classes in bangalore,ias coaching classes in bangalore,ias coaching classes in bangalore,ias coaching classes in bangalore,ias coaching classes in bangalore,ias coaching classes in bangalore,ias coaching classes in bangalore,ias coaching classes in bangalore,ias coaching classes in bangalore,ias coaching classes in bangalore,ias coaching classes in bangalore,ias coaching classes in bangalore,ias coaching classes in bangalore,ias coaching classes in bangalore,ias coaching classes in bangalore,ias coaching classes in bangalore,ias coaching classes in bangalore,ias coaching classes in bangalore, best ias coacning in rt nagar, best ias coaching in hebbal, ias coaching rajajinagar, banking coaching in jayanagar, banking coaching in marathahalli, top ias training centers in rt nagar and hebbal, ibps coaching centers in rt nagar, ias training center in hebbal, best ias exam training in hebbal, upsc exam training center in hebbal, ias training center in bangalore hebbal rt nagar, Bharat ias & kas coaching institute provides the best coaching (training) for kas foundation examination in Bangalore with RT nagar branch, jayanagar branch, marathahalli branch, rajajinagar branch, in hebbal, in rt nagar. we also provide coaching classes for IAs, IBPS, SSC, PSI etc. bharat ias is one of the best training center in bangalore for competative exams coaching with best results. we prepare you for kpsc exams with well experienced faculty in RT Nagar and Hebbal, upsc exam pretaration training centers in bangalore, top ias training centers in bengaluru karnataka.