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bharat ias - SAATHIYA’ Resource Kit,

SAATHIYA’ Resource Kit,

 SAATHIYA’ Resource Kit   Under its RashtriyaKishorSwasthyaKaryakram, Union health ministry has launched Saathiya resource kit that is specially designed by experts to help peer educators, especially in villages, discuss sensitive issues and answer teenage queries in their community in an informed manner. The ‘Saathiya Resource Kits’ is a nationwide programme under which 1.6 lakh boys and girls will work as peer educators to adolescents and respond to their queries on key health issues including mental and physical changes, nutrition and addiction. The Resource Kit has been developed by United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) and Population Foundation of India (PFI). The initiative also aims to bring down the apprehensions and doubts among growing adolescents about the body related changes that they undergo during puberty. The resource kit comprises of an Activity Book, Bhranti-Kranti Game, a Question-Answer Book and a Peer Educator Diary. The Peer Educators will be trained across the country in a phased manner and the Peer Educator to be recognized and respected as ‘saathiya’, a good friend for the adolescents.     RashtriyaKishorSwasthyaKaryakram (RKSK)   RKSK programme was launched by the Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare in January 2014 with an aim to cater and address health and development needs of the country’s adolescents. It introduces community-based interventions through peer educators (Saathiyas), and is underpinned by collaborations with other ministries and state governments. To guide the implementation of this programme, the ministry in collaboration with United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) has developed a National Adolescent Health Strategy. RKSK identifies six strategic priorities for adolescents: Nutrition Sexual and reproductive health (SRH) Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) Substance misuse Injuries and violence (including gender-based violence) Mental health. The strategy focuses on age groups 10-14 years and 15-19 years with universal coverage. It covers males and females in school and out of school; married and unmarried; in urban and rural; and vulnerable and under-served.    SwachhSwasthSarvatra initiative   The government has launched SwachhSwasthSarvatra initiative. It was launched by the Union Health Ministry in collaboration with the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation and Human Resource Development. The objective is to strengthen community health centres in 708 open defecation-free blocks across the country to enable them to achieve higher levels of cleanliness and hygiene. Under it, 10 lakh rupees of financial assistance will be given to the community health centres so that they can be strengthened to meet the standards of sanitation, hygiene and infection control. The initiative is a part of the Swachh Bharat Mission, under the National Health Mission. It is focused on the twin objectives of constructing toilets and enabling behavioural change, with the goal of making India free of open defecation by October 2, 2019.  ...

Publishes on : 04-Jul-2017 02:19 PM
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bharat ias - JananiSurakshaYojna , Mission ParivarVikas

JananiSurakshaYojna , Mission ParivarVikas

  JananiSurakshaYojna   The JananiSurakshaYojana (JSY) is a 100% centrally sponsored Scheme with the objective of reducing maternal and infant mortality by promoting institutional delivery among pregnant women. (JSY) is a safe motherhood intervention under the National Rural Health Mission (NHM). JananiSurakshaYojana was launched in April 2005 by modifying the National Maternity Benefit Scheme (NMBS). The scheme is under implementation in all states and Union Territories (UTs), with a special focus on Low Performing States (LPS). In High Performing States (HPS), where the levels of institutional delivery are satisfactory,Pregnant women from BPL/SC/ST households only are entitled for JSY benefit. The scheme provides performance based incentives to women health volunteers known as ASHA (Accredited Social Health Activist) for promoting institutional delivery among pregnant women. There is no bar on age of mother, number of children or type of institution i.ea government or accredited private health facility. A new study brings in first conclusive evidence of the role played by JananiSurakshaYojana (JSY) in reducing ‘socioeconomic disparities’ existing in maternal care.     Mission ParivarVikas   The government will launch Mission ParivarVikasto improve family planning services in seven states where the combined total fertility rate (TFR), or the number of children a woman has in her lifetime) constitutes 44% of the country’s population. The main objective of ‘Mission ParivasVikas is to accelerate access to high quality family planning choices based on information, reliable services and supplies within a rights-based framework. The Union ministry of health and family welfare will launch the programmein 145 high-focus districts of Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand and Assam. These districts were identified based on their total fertility rate and sterilization performance among other measures taken for family planning,for immediate, special and accelerated efforts. The target of the government is to reach the replacement level fertility goals of 1 by the year 2025. The key strategic focus of this initiative will be on improving access to contraceptives through delivering assured services, dovetailing with new promotional schemes, ensuring commodity security, building capacity (service providers), creating an enabling environment along with close monitoring and implementation  ...

Publishes on : 04-Jul-2017 02:13 PM
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bharat ias - National Health Policy 2017

National Health Policy 2017

  National Health Policy 2017 The government aims in shifting focus from “sick-care” to “wellness”, by promoting prevention and well-being. It intends on gradually increasing public health expenditure to 2.5% of the GDP. The policy proposes increasing access, improving quality and reducing costs. It proposes free drugs, free diagnostics and free emergency and essential healthcare services in public hospitals. It focuses on primary health care: The policy advocates allocating two-thirds (or more) of resources to primary care. It promotes ‘Make in India’ initiative by using drugs and devices manufactured in the country. It highlights AYUSH (Ayurveda, Yoga & Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homeopathy) as a tool for effective prevention and therapy that is safe and cost-effective. It proposes introducing Yoga in more schools and offices to promote good health. It proposes reforming medical education.   Key targets: Increase Life Expectancy at birth from 67.5 to 70 by 2025. Reduce infant mortality rate to 28 by 2019. Reduce Under Five Mortality to 23 by 2025. Achieve the global 2020 HIV target (also termed 90:90:90; 90% of all people living with HIV know their HIV status, 90% of all people diagnosed with HIV infection receive sustained antiretroviral therapy and 90% of all people receiving antiretroviral therapy will have viral suppression). To reduce premature mortality from cardiovascular diseases, cancer, diabetes or chronic respiratory diseases by 25% by 2025.    ...

Publishes on : 04-Jul-2017 02:07 PM
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bharat ias - PradhanMantriSurakshitMatritvaAbhiyan (PMSMA)

PradhanMantriSurakshitMatritvaAbhiyan (PMSMA)

PradhanMantriSurakshitMatritvaAbhiyan (PMSMA) With an aim to reduce maternal and infant mortality, the government has rolled out a new scheme to provide fixed-day antenatal care to pregnant women on the 9th of every month. The scheme is aimed at ensuring that every pregnant woman undergoes essential checkups during pregnancy to avoid unnecessary complication. Scheme is applicable to women through their third to sixth month of pregnancy. A key feature of the scheme includes services by gynaecology specialists and physicians with support from private sector doctors to supplement the efforts of the government sector. These services include ultrasound, blood and urine tests, in addition to routine antenatal check-up. It also invites the private sector to provide free ante-natal services (ANC) on a voluntary basis to pregnant women, especially those living in under-served, semi-urban, poor and rural areas. Background: India’s MMR of 167 (167 maternal deaths per 100,000 births) failed to meet its Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) target of bringing down maternal deaths to under 140 by 2015. India’s IMR stands at 40 deaths per 1,000 live births, against an MDG target of 29. Only 15 states and UTs — Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Goa, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Chandigarh, Daman and Diu, Delhi,Lakshadweep, Puducherry, Manipur, Maharashtra, Nagaland, Tripura, Sikkim and Punjab — have achieved an IMR of 29 and under.  ...

Publishes on : 04-Jul-2017 02:04 PM
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bharat ias - ‘Prashikshak’

‘Prashikshak’

‘Prashikshak’ ‘Prashikshak’, the teacher education portal for District Institutes of Education and Training (DIETs). Prashikshak is a unique IT initiative, a first of its kind in the country, which will contain a comprehensive database of all DIETs in the country with all relevant performance indicators. It will give the opportunity to Central and State Governments to do real time monitoring of the institutions. It will help benchmark DIETs to enable aspiring teachers to make informed choices about their future. Prashikshak was established through joint collaboration between Ministry of Human Resource Development and Central Square Foundation.     Smart India Hackathon 2017 The ‘Smart India Hackathon 2017’ is a pan-India 36-hour nonstop digital programming competition. All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE), University Grants Commission (UGC), i4c, MyGov, NASSCOM, RambhauMhalgiPrabodhini and Persistent Systems have joined hands to organize this ambitious ‘Smart India Hackathon 2017’ under the aegis of Ministry of Human Resource Development. Through Smart India Hackathon 2017, HRD ministry is keen on reaching out to all technology institutions in India and challenge students to offer innovative solutions to some of the daunting problems faced by our nation. For the first time ever, 29 different government ministries and departments came together and posed 598 problem statements to 30 lakh technical students from India. Smart India Hackathon 2017 would be the first massive scale hackathoninitiative in India. Smart India Hackathon can also set an example for the world on how youth power can help find digital solutions to legacy problems within a matter of hours. ...

Publishes on : 04-Jul-2017 01:54 PM
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