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bharat ias - AICTE all set to release model exam format

AICTE all set to release model exam format

AICTE all set to release model exam format  Context To test students’ understanding of concepts and skill  What has happened? The All-India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) has set the ball rolling for the provision of a model examination format to technical education institutions to test the students’ understanding of concepts and skills, as part of a slew of reforms finalised recently by the technical education regulator  Key Points Curricula will also be revised annually Every affiliating technical university shall constitute subject-wise industry consultation committee (ICC) with the mandate of examining the existing curriculum and for making suitable changes in the curriculum every year This process shall be completed in the month of December each year for the courses to be offered in the coming academic year Each institution, while applying for approval, shall certify completion of this process, which will be mandatory Refresher course SWAYAM Portal: Teachers in technical institutions will also be required to mandatorily undergo an annual online refresher course to ensure better quality in teaching Every teacher shall mandatorily undergo an annual refresher course delivered through SWAYAM portal, encapsulating all the major advances in the field of their study Online courses would also be prepared and delivered through the SWAYAM platform for improving the pedagogical techniques of the teachers The participation in the courses by at least 50% of the faculty would be a mandatory condition for approval of the institution  Leadership Training SWAYAM Portal: Heads of institutions will also have to undergo leadership training once in 2 years  Also There will be compulsory student induction training to ensure the brushing up of fundamental concepts and required linguistic skills    ...

Publishes on : 17-Apr-2017 10:55 AM
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bharat ias - Evidence no bar

Evidence no bar

Evidence no bar Context Discussion and Analysis of Universal Basic Income. What is Universal Basic Income? A Universal Basic Income (also called basic income guarantee or unconditional basic income) is a form of social security in which all citizens or residents of a country regularly receive an unconditional sum of money, either from government or some other public institution, in addition to income received from elsewhere. Characteristics of Universal Basic Income A Basic Income has the following characteristics: Periodic: it is paid at regular intervals. Cash payment: it is paid in an appropriate medium of exchange, allowing those who receive it to decide what they spend it on. Individual: it is paid on an individual basis and not to households. Universal: it is paid to all. Unconditional: it is paid without a requirement to work. Key Principles of Universal Basic Income Universality (so all citizens are covered). Entitlement to a “basic income” (that allows dignified living even in the absence of other earnings). Issues with the implantation of Universal Basic Income Question of Affordability Social spending (like in MGNREGA, PDS and MDM) being poorly targeted Cash transfers (like DBT-PDS)  have not shown great success. Alternative solution Universalized social security pensions at Rs 1,000 per month Implementation of universal maternity entitlements These two will cost less than 1.5 per cent of the GDP. These programs can work well. But, issues of affordability and good performance are unsuitable evidences and act as hindrance.    ...

Publishes on : 17-Apr-2017 10:51 AM
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bharat ias - The right to recall legislators

The right to recall legislators

 The right to recall legislators Context To have right to recall along with right to vote to deepen our democratic roots. What is a Recall Election? A recall election or representative recall is a procedure by which voters can remove an elected official from office through a direct vote before their term has ended. How does a Recall Election work? The recall process provides a check on the sovereign power of elected officials. If officials fail to represent the will of their constituency, then the voters have the power to take back their vote through a recall election. Reason to have Right to Recall in India If people have the power to elect their representatives, they should also have the power to remove these representatives when they engage in misdeeds or fail to fulfill their duties. The Representation of the People Act, 1951, only provides for “vacation of office upon the commission of certain offences and does not account for general incompetence of the representatives or dissatisfaction of the electorate as a ground for vacation”. Having such a right offers a mechanism to ensure vertical accountability of elected representatives in a democracy. Precautions Legislative change is needed which seeks to introduce recall petitions, for elected representatives in the LokSabha and in respective Legislative Assemblies. The process should have built-in safeguards such as initial recall petition to kick-start the process and electronic-based voting to decide its outcome. it should ensure that a representative cannot be recalled by a small margin of voters and that the recall procedure represents the mandate of the people. Conclusion A free and fair election is a right of the citizens of a democratic country. When their elected representatives no longer enjoy the confidence of the people, the people must have a right to remove them.    ...

Publishes on : 17-Apr-2017 10:48 AM
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bharat ias - Cabinet approves extension of implementation of Crime and Criminal Tracking Network and Systems Project by one year

Cabinet approves extension of implementation of Crime and Criminal Tracking Network and Systems Project by one year

Cabinet approves extension of implementation of Crime and Criminal Tracking Network and Systems Project by one year  Why in news:   ·       The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs, chaired by the Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi has approved the proposal of the Ministry of Home Affairs for extension of the implementation phase of the Crime and Criminals Tracking Network and Systems (CCTNS) Project for another year beyond 31st March 2017.  ·       The extension would help in achieving the remaining objectives of the project comprehensively. ·       The Inter-operable Criminal Justice System (ICJS) aims to integrate the CCTNS project with the e-courts and e-prisons databases in the first instance and with the other pillars of the criminal justice system - Forensics, Prosecution, Juvenile homes and a nationwide Fingerprint data base of criminals in a phased manner. ·       The integration will be achieved by providing access to the Judiciary, Police and Prisons through a desktop dashboard to facilitate expeditious and informed decisions and aid investigations.   Impact of the CCTNS Project will lead to: 

i. Citizen portals in all states and Centre that will facilitate transparency and speed in police service delivery, online registration of complaints and reporting and search of missing persons and stolen goods in self-service mode. 

ii. Pan-India search on complete National Crime and Criminal database that is accessible to the Investigating Officers throughout the country. 

iii. Search facility will be available to Police in regional languages for improved inter-state tracking of criminal movement. 

iv. Reliable network connectivity to all Police Stations in the country. 

v. National level crime analytics that will be published at, increased frequency to help policy and law makers in taking data backed timely actions and in making appropriate policy interventions. 

vi. Integration with various e-Governance projects such as Aadhaar, National Population Register, Vaahan Project of the Ministry of Surface Transport, Passport Seva and National Emergency Response System Project thus increasing the synergies and benefit accrued from these individual systems. It will expedite various kinds of police verification requests and investigation. 

vii. Advanced features such as biometric based identification, trend and pattern analytics etc. that will be incorporated to enhance hi-tech investigation capability. 

viii. ICJS that will be available to all pillars of the criminal justice system helping improve its service delivery. 

Achievements under CCTNS Project:

In the last one year following significant outcomes have been achieved by the Project: 

• More than 83% Police Stations in the country are entering 100% FIRs through CCTNS software. 

• 120 lakhs FIR have been entered in CCTNS system till date. Legacy Crime records since 2004 have also been migrated to the CCTNS database. In all around seven crore records are now available in the national crime database. 

• 31 States/UTs have launched their portals which provide various services like registration of complaints, verification of criminal antecedents/litigation of individuals/property, obtaining NOC from police for events for law and order clearance, search of missing person search, matching unidentified dead bodies, Vehicle related enquiries, antecedent verification for issue of passport etc. 

• The ICJS dashboard has been implemented by integrating CCTNS with e-Courts and e-prisons and has been launched on a trial basis with select central investigation agencies. v • Software for Prosecutions and Forensics has been developed and is currently being rolled out in Bihar, Telangana and Puducherry. 

Background:

Originally approved in 2009, the Project aims to: 

a) deliver various web based police related services to citizens. 

b) facilitate a pan-India search of crime and criminal records of individuals through a national database. 

c) generate crime and criminal reports at the state and central level to inform policy interventions and 

d) computerise police processes. 

In 2015, an additional objective of establishing a basic platform for an Inter-operable Criminal Justice System (ICJS) was added to the Project.     ...

Publishes on : 17-Apr-2017 10:44 AM
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bharat ias - Cabinet approves Collaboration Agreement to support the Belmont Forum Secretariat

Cabinet approves Collaboration Agreement to support the Belmont Forum Secretariat

Cabinet approves Collaboration Agreement to support the Belmont Forum Secretariat    Why in news: ·        The Union Cabinet chaired by the Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi has given its approval for signing of the Collaborative Agreement with French National Research Agency (ANR), France for supporting the Belmont Forum Secretariat from January, 2015 to December, 2017 at a total estimated expenditure of Euro 40,000. ·        The Cabinet also approved continued financial support to Belmont Forum Secretariat beyond 2017.    What is Belmont Forum:   ·        The Belmont Forum, created in 2009, is a high level group of the world's major and emerging funders of global environmental change research and international science councils. ·        It provides an opportunity to identify study and deliver international environmental research priorities, for the society, in an accelerated way through trans­national research collaboration between natural and social scientists and alignment of international resources ·        India is a member of Belmont Forum, besides Australia, Brazil, Canada, European Commission, France, Germany, Japan, Netherland, South Africa, UK and USA etc. Ministry of Earth Science (MoES), represents India in the Belmont Forum since 2012. ·        In order to coordinate the activities of the Belmont, a Secretariat is hosted by one of the Belmont forum member on rotational basis. ANR, France is hosting the Secretariat from January, 2015 to December, 2017. Expenditure for hosting the Secretariat will be borne by Belmont Forum member countries in kind or cash contribution.   Impact:   The Agreement will help to maintain a certain degree of continuity in the operations of the Forum and also help in smooth coordination of the activities of Belmont Forum.  As India is already participating in 4 Collaborative Research Actions (CRAs) and Secretariat will be coordinating the activities of Belmont Forum, Indian scientific community will ultimately benefit from this agreement.   Background:    Since the inception of Belmont Forum in 2009, its operations were being handled by a part-time secretariat associated with the respective Chairs of the Belmont Forum. As the Co-chairs are rotational, the Secretariat also rotates and some time co-chairs are from different Continents with different time zone.   In order to maintain a certain degree of continuity in the operations of the Forum, establishment of a Full-time Secretariat was agreed upon by Belmont Forum members, on rotational basis.   ANR, France has agreed to host the Secretariat from January, 2015 to December, 2017.    ...

Publishes on : 17-Apr-2017 10:38 AM
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