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bharat ias - Centre forms panel on arbitration hub

Centre forms panel on arbitration hub

 


Context The Centre has constituted a high-level committee, led by the former Supreme Court judge B.N. Srikrishna, to draw a road map to make India a global arbitration hub  What has happened? The Centre has constituted a high-level committee, led by the former Supreme Court judge B.N. Srikrishna, to draw a road map to make India a global arbitrationhub Apart from other members, committee would also include representatives from FICCI Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industryand Confederation of Indian Industry (CII)  Terms of reference Committee would, Analyse the effectiveness of the arbitration mechanism Identify amendments in other laws that need to encourage International Commercial Arbitration Devise an action plan for implementation of the law to ensure speedier arbitrations What does terms of reference mean? Terms of Reference define the purpose and structure of a project, committee, meeting, negotiation, or any similar collection of people who have agreed to work together to accomplish a shared goal.    ...

Publishes on : 06-Jan-2017 10:59 AM
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bharat ias - UNION BUDGET 2016-17

UNION BUDGET 2016-17

  UNION BUDGET 2016-17: HIGHLIGHTS FM ArunJaitley concludes Union Budget speech at 12.41 pm. Stock markets give a thumbs down to Jaitley's budget with Sensex falling over 500 points intraday: ArunJaitley Proposed to extend E Assessment to 7 mega cities: ArunJaitley Rationalisation of TDS provisions to benefit the Individuals: ArunJaitley Govt will pay interest of 9 per cent instead of 6 per cent in case there is a delay in appellate cases beyond 90 days. Officers to be held accountable: ArunJaitley FM ArunJaitley concludes speech Compliance cost for small taxpayers to be reduced: ArunJaitley Monetary limit for cases to be decided by 1-member bench up from Rs 15 lakh to Rs 50 lakh: ArunJaitley New Dispute Panel-Tax payer can settle by paying disputed tax and interest up to date of assessment. No penalty where disputed tax is INR 10 lakhs. Penalty on balance to be only 25% of penalty: ArunJaitley Propose to abolish 13 different cesses levied by different ministries in which collection is less than Rs 50 crore a year: FM ArunJaitley 1 year limit for tax payers seeking waivers and refund: FM ArunJaitley Committee to see government's assurance on retrospective tax: FM ArunJaitley by paying total tax of 45% (no scrutiny). Declaration to have immunity from prosecution (01 June to 30th Sept 2016): FM ArunJaitley Limited period compliance window to declare undisclosed income 10-15 per cent increase in excise duty on tobacco products, including cigarettes: FM ArunJaitley Cars to be expensive with infra cess on Cars, Vehicles, SUVs: FM ArunJaitley Services provided by EPFO exempted from service tax: FM ArunJaitley Dividend taxed at 10% in the hands of individual receiving income in excess of INR 10 lakhs (in addition to DDT paid by the company): FM ArunJaitley Luxury cars exceeding INR 1 crores, and Products worth INR 200,000: FM ArunJaitley Collect at source of tax 1% STT on options increased to 0.05 per cent: FM ArunJaitley Instead of 12 per cent, 15 per cent surcharge on income tax for those with incomes exceeding 1 crore per annum: FM ArunJaitley Security transaction tax on options to be raised from 0.017 per cent to 0.05 per cent: FM ArunJaitley Service tax exempted for housing construction of houses less than 60 sq. m: FM ArunJaitley 100% deduction for profits of undertakings from housing projects in cities during Jun '16-Mar '19: FM ArunJaitley Proposed to withdrawal upto 40 per cent of corpus under National Pension scheme to be tax free. Annuity also to be tax free: FM ArunJaitley Tax treatment should be uniform for defined benefits and contribution of pension scheme and plans: FM ArunJaitley Accelerated Depreciation limited to maximum of 40%: FM ArunJaitley Start Ups: Exemption for 3 out of 5 years. MAT applies. Capital Gains not taxed where investment made in notified funds or in start ups where they hold majority: FM ArunJaitley Proposed to extend presumptive income tax to all professional with income limit of Rs 50 lakhs: FM ArunJaitley Lower corporate for next financial year for companies uptoRs 5 cr turnover to 29 per cent for 2015: FM ArunJaitley   ECONOMIC SURVEY 2016-17: HIGHLIGHTS Informal sector has created jobs and keeping unemployment low Schemes such as PradhanMantriSurakshaBimaYojana (PMSBY), PradhanMantriJivanJyotiBimaYojana (PMJJBY), and the Atal Pension Yojana(APY), - were launched in 2015 in the insurance and pension sectors for creating a universal social security system for all Indians, especially for the poor and the underprivileged India can become the leading investment destination owing to its robust macroeconomic fundamentals Reserve Bank of India will meet 5 per cent inflation target by the end of March 2017 Reform package for the fertilizer Sector Rates of 8% or higher possible in next 2 years, given macroeconomic stability Indian Equity market relatively resilient compared to other major emerging market economies Impressive strides made in the power sector in the last two years Economic Survey projects 7.6 per cent economic growth rate in 2015-16 Economic Survey highlights the importance and potential of spreading JAM Trinity across the Indian economy India ranks first in milk production, accounting for 18.5% of world production Downside risk to medium term growth due to global economic condition Medium-term growth trajectory at 7-7.75% with downside risk. Economic Survey projects 7.6 per cent economic growth rate in 2015-16 Amidst gloomy international economic landscape,India remains a haven of stability Upcoming budget and economic policy will have to contend with an unusually challenging and weak external environment Growth in the services sector moderated slightly, but still remains robust Increase in wages recommended by the 7th Pay Commission not likely to destabilise prices, will have little impact on inflation Foreign exchange reserves have risen to US $ 349.6 (Jan-2016) India's long run potential GDP Growth is substantial, about 8 to 10% Fiscal deficit target of 3.9 per cent seen achievable Low inflation has taken hold and confidence in price stability has improved Services continues to be key driver; expected to be 9.2% in 2015-16 Govt tables Economic Survey 2015-16, FY17 GDP seen at 7-7.75% Finance Ministry ArunJaitley will table the Economic Survey for 2015-soon ArunJaitley will give a status report on the economy amid concerns of a global slowdown and its fallout on the Indian economy. Moody's has pegged India's growth at 7.5 per cent. JayantManglik, president, retail distribution, Religare Securities, said, "The Economic Survey report on Friday will help investors to get some cues ahead of the Union Budget."   RAILWAY BUDGET 2016-17: HIGHLIGHTS No change in passenger fares, says Suresh Prabhu Auto companies to benefit as India's first rail auto hub will come up in Chennai that will reduce logistics cost E-booking of tickets on concessional passes for journalists introduced Ajmer, Amritsar, Gaya, Mathura, Nanded, Nashik, Puri, Tirupati, Varanasi, Nagapattinam and other pilgrim stations to be beautified Draft Bill for railway development authority to be drafted soon. Railway board to be reorganised on business lines and chairman to be re-empowered Four fold increase in advertising revenue envisaged in the next fiscal Railways to increase lower berth quota for senior citizens by 50 per cent: Suresh Prabhu 33 per cent reservation to women in reserved quota in Railways will be introduced IRCTC website to consider e-commerce initiatives because of high number of hits Cold storage to be set up in vacant lands near warehousing facilities Suresh Prabhu appeals to staggering of office timings to reduce pressure on suburban trains Elevated suburban train corridors in Mumbai Ring railway to be revived in New Delhi High speed passenger corridor from Ahmedabad to Mumbai New uniforms and training for porters. Coolies to rechristened as 'Sahayaks' Overnight double-decker train Uday Express to be introduced on busiest routes, carrying capacity to be 40 per cent more, says Suresh Prabhu. 400 railway stations to be equipped with wifi, 100 this year, says Suresh Prabhu Baby milk and hot water to be provided in trains Insurance companies being asked to provide optional travel insurance to passengers prior to travel Battery operated services for the old and special people Railway stalls to over-the-counter medicine Local cuisine of choice to be made available to the passengers To introduce methods which will help passengers SMS to get the toilets and coaches cleaned Refund process to made simpler, bar coded tickets to be introduced Sale of tickets to be initiated by hand held devices and platform tickets through vending machines, says Suresh Prabhu Rs 3000 crore saved in energy a year ahead of schedule, says Suresh Prabhu MoUs with 6 states for Joint Ventures World's first bio-flushing toilets was developed by us in DibrugarhRajdhani, says Suresh Prabhu We intend to commence wi-fi system at 100 stations this year in partnership with Google: Suresh Prabhu Outlay for railway electrification increased by 50 per cent; 2,000-km route to be electrified next fiscal MoUs with 6 states for Joint Ventures Rs 3000 crore saved in energy a year ahead of schedule, says Suresh Prabhu 2 new loco factories to be set up at cost of Rs 40,000 cr under Make in India initiative, says Suresh Prabhu World's first bioflushing toilets was developed by us in DibrugarhRajdhani, says Suresh Prabhu We intend to commence wi-fi system at 100 stations this year in partnership with Google: Suresh Prabhu On Make in India, we were able to finalise two locomotive of Rs 40,000 cr, says Suresh Prabhu No unmanned level crossing by 2020, says Suresh Prabhu Indian Railways to shift to paperless contact management system as e-initiative, says Suresh Prabhu Common people have always been our focus, says Suresh Prabhu. No barrier between common people and Railways 2 new loco factories to be set up at of Rs 40,000 cr under Make in India initiative, says Suresh Prabhu Important to built more dedicated freight corridors, says Suresh Prabhu. To commission three corridors Delhi to Chennai, connect Kharagpur to Mumbai and Kharagpur to Vijaywada Major initiative in North East announced, says Suresh Prabhu Employee addition of 9 croremandays in 2017, says Suresh Prabhu Target revenue is Rs 184, 820, 10 per cent up from the revised target, says Suresh Prabhu Action has been initiated 139 budget announcement since last year, says Suresh Prabhu Next year 2,800 km of track at 7 kms per day against 3 km per day to be commissioned, says Suresh Prabhu A saving of 8,720 crore rupees for budget estimates of last year will be effected this year: Suresh Prabhu Co-operation, collaboration and communication, are the hallmarks of Indian Railways's journey forward: Suresh Prabhu Railway kiGati, Rashtrakipragati, Suresh Prabhu says in Hindi Budget a collective participation with industry association, says Suresh Prabhu Railway Minister Suresh Prabhu says people contributing in cleanliness in railways Railway Minister Suresh Prabhu presents Rail Budget 2016 RajyaSabha commences business Suresh Prabhu along with MoS Railways ManojSinha arrive at Parliament carrying Rail Budget 2016 documents Budget has been prepared to meet expectations of common man, says Suresh Prabhu Railway Minister Suresh Prabhu has left home for Parliament to present Rail Budget 2016 It'll be a good budget and in benefit of the nation, says Parliamentary Affairs Minister Venkaiah Naidu ahead of Rail Budget (Source: ANI tweet) Let's see what he'll (Suresh Prabhu) give, whether bullet train is going or people going to get bullets, says MallikarjunKharge (source: ANI tweet) Railway Budget 2016-17 has been prepared keeping in view the needs of common man, says ManojSinha (MoS, Railways) A scheme for premium high-speed parcel trains is slated to be unveiled in the budget Industry body Asscoham has asked Prabhu to muster political courage and go in for a hike in the passenger fares Upgradation of existing coaches with modern facilities and improved interiors are being planned in a big way to run trains on higher fares like the recently launched Mahamana Express between New Delhi and Varanasi. Prabhu will make some announcements promising better passenger amenities and incentivise freight business. The Railway Budget is expected to focus on massive capacity creation in the rail sector with an increased outlay of about Rs 1.25 lakh crore. ...

Publishes on : 05-Jan-2017 01:13 PM
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bharat ias - Aadhar bill

Aadhar bill

Aadhar bill News: The LokSabha on Friday passed the Aadhaar Bill 2016 as a “money bill” despite the opposition terming the move a conspiracy to undermine the RajyaSabha.   ·       As per law, if a money bill has been passed by the LokSabha where the ruling party has a majority, the RajyaSabha cannot make any amendments to it. It can only discuss the bill. If the RajyaSabha fails to discuss the bill within 14 days, it would be “deemed passed”. ·       The opposition has alleged that the government is trying to bypass the RajyaSabha where the National Democratic Alliance (NDA) is in a minority. ·       Union Minister ArunJaitely introduced the Aadhaar (Targeted Delivery of Financial and Other Subsidies, Benefits and Services) Bill on March 3, 2016. The Bill intends to provide for targeted delivery of subsidies and services to individuals residing in India by assigning them Unique Identity (UID) Numbers, called Aadhaar numbers. The bill thus gives legal sanction to the Unique Identification Number programme or Aadhaar as a single window to distribute subsidy and other direct benefit transfers.   The Aadhaar (Targeted Delivery of Financial and Other Subsidies, Benefits and Services) Bill, 2016   The Aadhaar (Targeted Delivery of Financial and Other Subsidies, Benefits and Services) Bill, 2016 was introduced by Minister of Finance, Mr. ArunJaitley, in LokSabha on March 3, 2016.  The Bill intends to provide for targeted delivery of subsidies and services to individuals residing in India by assigning them unique identity numbers, called Aadhaar numbers. Eligibility: Every resident shall be entitled to obtain an Aadhaar number.  A resident is a person who has resided in India for 182 days, in the one year preceding the date of application for enrolment for Aadhaar. Information to be submitted: To obtain an Aadhaar number, an individual has to submit his, (i) biometric (photograph, finger print, iris scan) and (ii) demographic (name, date of birth, address) information.  The Unique Identification Authority (UID) may specify other biometric and demographic information to be collected by regulations. Enrolment: At the time of enrolment, the individual will be informed of, (i) the manner in which the information will be used, (ii) the nature of recipients with whom the information will be shared, and (iii) the right to access this information. After verification of information provided by a person, an Aadhaar number will be issued to him. Use of Aadhaar number: To verify the identity of a person receiving a subsidy or a service, the government may require them to have an Aadhaar number.  If a person does not have an Aadhaar number, government will require them to apply for it, and in the meanwhile, provide an alternative means of identification.  Any public or private entity can accept the Aadhaar number as a proof of identity of the Aadhaar number holder, for any purpose.  Aadhaar number cannot be a proof of citizenship or domicile. Functions and composition of authority: The key functions of the UID authority include, (i) specifying demographic and biometric information to be collected during enrolment, (ii) assigning Aadhaar numbers to individuals, (iii) authenticating Aadhaar numbers, and (iv) specifying the usage of Aadhaar numbers for delivery of subsidies and services.  The UID authority will consist of a chairperson, two part-time members and a chief executive officer.  The chairperson and members are required to have experience of at least ten years in matters such as technology, governance, etc. Authentication: The UID authority will authenticate the Aadhar number of an individual, if an entity makes such a request.  A requesting entity (an agency or person that wants to authenticate information of a person) has to obtain the consent of an individual before collecting his information.  The agency can use the disclosed information only for purposes for which the individual has given consent. Response to authentication query: The UID authority shall respond to an authentication query with a positive, negative or other appropriate response.  However, it is not permitted to share an individual’s finger print, iris scan and other biological attributes. Authentication record maintained by UID authority: The UID authority shall record the entity requesting verification of a person’s identity, the time of request and the response received by the entity.  The purpose for which an individual's identity needs to be verified will not be maintained. Protection of information: Biometric information such as an individual’s finger print, iris scan and other biological attributes (specified by regulations) will be used only for Aadhaar enrolment and authentication, and for no other purpose.  Such information will not be shared with anyone, nor will it be displayed publicly, except for purposes specified by regulations. Cases when information may be revealed: In two cases, information may be revealed: In the interest of national security, a Joint Secretary in the central government may issue a direction for revealing, (i) Aadhaar number, (ii) biometric information (iris scan, finger print and other biological attributes specified by regulations), (iii) demographic information, and (iv) photograph.  Such a decision will be reviewed by an Oversight Committee (comprising Cabinet Secretary, Secretaries of Legal Affairs and Electronics and Information Technology) and will be valid for six months. On the order of a court, (i) an individual’s Aadhaar number, (ii) photograph, and (iii) demographic information, may be revealed. Offences and penalties: A person may be punished with imprisonment upto three years and minimum fine of Rs 10 lakh for unauthorised access to the centralized data-base, including revealing any information stored in it.  If a requesting entity and an enrolling agency fail to comply with rules, they shall be punished with imprisonment upto one year or a fine uptoRs 10,000 or Rs one lakh (in case of a company), or with both. Cognizance of offence: No court shall take cognizance of any offence except on a complaint made by the UID authority or a person authorised by it. Nine issues to debate on Aadhaar Bill The Aadhaar (Targeted Delivery of Financial and Other Subsidies, Benefits and Services) Bill, 2016, better known as Aadhaar Bill The Bill intends to provide for targeted delivery of subsidies and services to individuals residing in India by assigning them unique identity numbers. Parliament is debating on the certain portions of the Bill, which may need clarification or amendments: Allowing private agencies to use Aadhaar contradicts statement of objects and reasons of the Bill The Statement of Objects and Reasons of the Bill states that identification of targeted beneficiaries for delivery of various government subsidies and services has become a challenge for the government. At the time of the introduction of the Bill, the government stated that “the Bill confines itself only to governmental expenditure.” However, the Bill also allows private persons to use Aadhaar as a proof of identity for any purpose. Issues with sharing information collected under Aadhaar The provisions in the Bill with regard to protection of identity information and authentication records may be affected by an ongoing writ petition in the Supreme Court. The petition claims that Aadhaar may be in violation of right to privacy. A five-judge Bench of the court is examining whether right to privacy is a fundamental right. Disclosure of information to intelligence or law enforcement agencies The provisions regulating disclosure of private information under the Bill differ from guidelines specified under another law — the Indian Telegraph Act, 1885. The Bill differs from the guidelines for phone tapping in two ways. First, the Bill permits sharing in the interest of ‘national security’ rather than for public emergency or public safety. Second, the order can be issued by an officer of the rank of Joint Secretary, instead of a Home Secretary. Potential to profile individuals The Bill does not specifically prohibit law enforcement and intelligence agencies from using the Aadhaar number as a link (key) across various datasets (such as telephone records, air travel records, etc.) in order to recognise patterns of behaviour. Techniques such as running computer programmes across datasets for pattern recognition can be used for various purposes such as detecting potential illegal activities. However, these can also lead to harassment of innocent individuals who get identified incorrectly as potential threats. UID authority’s exclusive power to make complaints A provision says, “Courts cannot take cognizance of any offence punishable under the Act, unless a complaint is made by the UID authority, or a person authorised by it.” This may present a conflict of interest as under the Bill the UID authority is responsible for the security and confidentiality of identity information and authentication records. There may be situations in which members or employees of the UID authority are responsible for a security breach. Discretionary powers of UIDAI The Bill empowers the UID authority to specify demographic information that may be collected. The only restriction imposed on the authority is that it shall not record information pertaining to race, religion, caste, language, records of entitlements, income or health of the individual. This power will allow the authority to collect additional personal information, without prior approval from Parliament. Collection of personal information The enrolment form currently being used contains fields for capturing information such as the National Population Register (NPR) receipt number, mobile number, and bank account number. Though these fields are labelled ‘optional’, it is unclear why this additional information is being recorded. Ambiguity in specifying biometric information The Bill specifies biometric information to include photograph, fingerprints, and iris scans. Further it empowers the UID authority to specify other biological information that may be collected. Therefore, the Bill does not prevent the UID authority from requiring the collection of biometric information such as DNA. Time period for maintaining authentication records The Bill does not specify the maximum duration for which authentication records may be stored by the UID authority. Instead it allows the UID authority to specify this through regulations. Maintaining authentication records over a long time period may be misused for activities such as profiling an individual’s behaviour. About Aadhaar   The Aadhaar Card can be defined as a document that carries a 12-digit identification number that is provided to you by the Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) as a representative of the Indian Government. The number acts as an evidence of address and identity of people across all parts of India. One can get the Aadhaar letter, which contains the card itself, through India Post or download it from the UIDAI website. Both will be regarded as equally authentic. Enrollment details Any individual in India can enroll for the Aadhaar Card. Factors like the age and gender of the person are not important over here. However, they need to be residents of India and also fulfill some other criteria laid down by the UIDAI. Every person can enroll only once and this can be done at free of cost. The Aadhaar Numbers are unique and they stay valid for as long as the person is alive. How is Aadhaar Card useful? With the help of Aadhaar number one can access useful services such as mobile phone connections, cooking gas connections, and banking. While in the initial stages this number is only applicable for government-run services it is expected that in future other similar services, as well as ones run by non-governmental entities, will come into its fold as well. The main purpose of this card is to make sure that India can get rid of the countless false and duplicitous identities that have ripped it apart for such a long time. The biggest problem of the aforementioned identities is that they are all part of the private and government databases and thus they can create the sort of information problem that we see in India right now. This number also upholds the secular aim of the country in the way that it is just a random number that has been generated without paying regard to socially-divisive factors like caste, religion, creed, and their geographical location. Misconceptions about Aadhaar Card There are several wrong notions about the Aadhaar Cards. The first of them is that having just Aadhaar Card is good enough for the whole family. Many also think that Aadhaar gathers information on the basis of criteria such as caste, language, and religion. It is also thought that it is obligatory for all Indians with proper documentation to have an Aadhaar Card. It is also foolhardy to assume one can collect as many as Aadhaar numbers as he or she wants. It is also wrong to assume that Aadhaar can replace all other identity cards. It is just a proof of residence and not one of citizenship as many would want it to be. Lot of people are also under the impression that the UIDAI information can be accessed by other public agencies or privately-owned entities. This is a wrong notion as well.   The Supreme Court verdict goes against the Aadhar program The verdict issued on September 24, 2013 by the Bench of Justices was one and unanimous: Aadhar card cannot be a compulsory document for realizing Government-provided benefits and services that an ordinary citizen of India is constitutionally entitled to. The Apex Court also clarified the voluntary nature of enrollment under the Aadhar card program. The verdict came as a consequence of the submission of a number of pleas against the policies of certain states making Aadhar card a mandatory document for availing various amenities, inclusive of provident fund realization and marriage and property registration. T he Apex Court Bench, chaired by Justice B. S. Chauhan, emphatically underlined the drawbacks of the proposed idea, “UID number should not be necessary for essential services such as gas connection, vehicle registration, scholarships, marriage registration, salaries and provident fund.” The Supreme Court also addressed the issue of indiscriminate allocation of Aadhar cards to a considerable number of illicit immigrants from Bangladesh, which directly concerns national security. Ensuing this hearing of the Supreme Court, another hearing followed on October as a result of several petitions filed against the efforts of Government to make the Aadhar card and the UID number mandatory for the citizens of India, inclusive of the Government petition to reconsider the earlier verdict and petitions from the oil PSUs such as HPCL, IOCL and BPCL. The Apex Court refused to budge from its earlier verdict, and made it clear that no further pleas regarding the revision of the earlier verdict on behalf of the Government will be considered by the Court. The Supreme Court, however, promised the Government to announce a date for a further hearing on the Aadhar card Issue. The controversial nature of the Aadhar card The UPA-2 Government’s efforts to force the Government beneficiary schemes like the JananiSurakshaYojna, scholarships, pensions, MNERGA, PDS, and even LPG subscriptions, under the mandatory umbrella of the Aadhar card, were effectively thwarted by the Supreme Court. The whole concept of the Aadhar card is full of holes, some of which are discussed below: The Aadhar card for a particular individual is issued on the basis of biometric parameters like the iris scan and the fingerprint. While the UIDAI does not have qualified personnel who can handle such tests, the said body has hired external agencies and NGOs to conduct the same. The voluminous data generated as a result of such tests are in the direct access of the said external agencies and there are no guarantees of protection for such sensitive data. The biometric parameters of iris scan and fingerprinting are viable only when an individual is operating in a high-security zone. As such, their inclusion in the Aadhar card is merely an exaggeration. Assuming the UPA-2 Government achieves the voluntary enrollment of one-third of the population of India, i.e., 0.4 billion, the volume of data generated will be insurmountable. Our country does not have the necessary infrastructure to render adequate protection to such a huge and sensitive data-bank from abusage by external agents. Besides, with the raging corruption that has permeated every strata of the country, what certainty is there that the State itself will not misappropriate the available database? All these factors put the Aadhar card-holders as well as the National security in a precarious position. The current creaky infrastructure, backed by ancient technologies that are presently handling the database, is prone to severe errors. Any such error will detain an Aadhar card holder for an uncertain period, which may even result in a possible exclusion of the said individual. The policy of the UIDIA that a valid Aadhar card holder can introduce another individual, who then becomes entitled to possess an Aadhar card, is also highly dubious. Using such loopholes, many illegal Bangladeshi immigrants are now in possession of legitimate Aadhar cards, which makes them bona fide citizens of India. As correctly pointed out by Montek Singh Ahluwalia, one of the chief policymakers in the Prime Minister’s office, the Aadhar card cannot pass as a document, establishing identification of an Indian citizen. What exact purpose, then, does the card or the UID number serve?        ...

Publishes on : 05-Jan-2017 01:10 PM
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bharat ias - Sutlej-Yamuna link (SYL) Canal issue

Sutlej-Yamuna link (SYL) Canal issue

  Sutlej-Yamuna link (SYL) Canal issue  Why in news? Supreme Court has directed the Punjab government to maintain status quo on land marked for the construction of SYL canal. However, going against the SC directive, Punjab assembly passed the Punjab Sutlej-Yamuna Link Canal (Rehabilitation and Re-vesting of Proprietary Rights) Bill 2016, which seeks to return land acquired for the canal’s construction to the original owners free of cost. Background Central government in 1976, issued a notification allocating to Haryana 3.5 million acre feet (MAF) out of undivided Punjab’s 7.2 MAF. A canal linking the Sutlej with the Yamuna, cutting across the state,was planned in order to enable Haryana to use its share of the waters of the Sutlej and its tributary Beas. Total length of the canal is supposed to be 214-km. 122 km of which was to be in Punjab, and 92 km in Haryana. The work on this canal was started in 1982. However, following the protests in Punjab, the Punjab Assembly passed The Punjab Termination of Agreements Act, 2004, terminating its water-sharing agreements. The above incident also affected the construction work on the canal.  Reasons of Conflict Punjab government argues that the SYL share of water to Haryana was based on 1920 data and now the situation has changed drastically so there is need to review it. Whereas Haryana government claims that it is a water deficit state and it has been deprived of its water share which has affected its agricultural output. Way Forward The solution of this issue can be achieved only if all political parties work together in unbiased manner and treat this as an issue of national interest. At present Punjab using 75% of its water through tube wells and only 25% by canals, however Haryana is dependent on canal irrigation, so Punjab’s political establishment (both ruling and opposition parties) should understand the need of Haryana and its people and help in the construction of canal. At the same time, proper rehabilitation (Home, land and employment) to the displaced people should be provided. ic...

Publishes on : 05-Jan-2017 01:08 PM
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