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bharat ias - Indo - Mongolian Joint Exercise : Nomadic Elephant

Indo - Mongolian Joint Exercise : Nomadic Elephant

Indo - Mongolian Joint Exercise : Nomadic Elephant  Why in news: ·       Twelfth iteration of Indo - Mongolian Joint Military Exercise Nomadic Elephant is presently underway at Vairengte from 05 April 2017 till 18 April 2017. ·       Mongolian Army is represented by nine officers and 36 soldiers of the elite 084 Special Forces Task Battalion while Indian Army is represented by a contingent comprising of three officers, four JCOs and 39 soldiers of the Jammu & Kashmir Rifles. ·       Nomadic Elephant is aimed at training the troops in Counter Insurgency & Counter Terrorism Operations under the United Nations mandate. ·        The joint training will also lay emphasis on conducting operations by a joint subunit, comprising of troops from both the armies, in adverse operational conditions aimed at enhancing the interoperability between the two armies.     ...

Publishes on : 10-Apr-2017 11:34 AM
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bharat ias - India ranks 40 in WEF’s 2017 Travel and Tourism Competitiveness Index

India ranks 40 in WEF’s 2017 Travel and Tourism Competitiveness Index

India ranks 40 in WEF’s 2017 Travel and Tourism Competitiveness Index   Why In news: ·       India was ranked 40th among the 136 economies across the world in 2017 Travel and Tourism Competitiveness Index (TTCI) released by the World Economic Forum (WEF). ·       India has jumped 12 places from earlier 52nd position in 2015. But it lagged behind its other Asian peers like Japan (4th) and China (13th). ·       Top 10 Countries in 2017 TTCI: Spain (1st), France (2nd), Germany (3rd), (4th), the United Kingdom (5th), the United States (6th), Australia (7th), Italy (8th), Canada (9th) and Switzerland (10th). ·        Globally, advanced economies still hold the top slots, 12 of the top 15 most improved countries are emerging markets. ·        Regionally, rise of Asia’s giants shows that Asian Tourism Century is becoming a reality. ·        To reach their potential, Asian countries still have more to do, from enhancing security, promoting their cultural heritage, building their infrastructure and creating stronger visa policies. ·        The travel and tourism industry is considered force for good in largely stagnant global economy. ·        This sector accounts for 10% of global GDP, growing faster than other sectors and providing one in 10 jobs.   Related to india: ·       India continues to enrich its cultural resources, protecting more cultural sites and intangible expressions through UNESCO World Heritage lists, and via a greater digital presence. ·       Some of the factors that helped India to improve its rank include international openness through strong policies such as implementing visa on arrival and e-visas, and improvements ground transport infrastructure. ·       Moreover India’s vast cultural and natural resources and its price competitiveness advantage also attracted international tourists. India has seen continued growth in international arrivals over the past 15 years, reaching the 8 million mark in 2015. ·       But, still it needs to improve health conditions which are inadequate at present, similarly, ICT readiness, security concerns and human resources are improving, but remain “weak”. ·        Indian travel and tourism sector presents significant opportunities that are yet to be reaped, especially in provision of tourist service infrastructure, and also in terms of additional accommodation capacity and entertainment facilities.      Travel and Tourism Competitiveness Index ·       The index compiled by World Economic Forum (WEF) ranks 136 countries across 14 dimensions under sub-indexes.   ·       It measures set of factors and policies that enable sustainable development of travel and tourism sector, which in turn, contributes to the development and competitiveness of a country. It further reveals how well countries could deliver sustainable economic and societal benefits through their travel and tourism sector.


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Publishes on : 10-Apr-2017 11:32 AM
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bharat ias - India and Bangladesh Sign 22 Agreements

India and Bangladesh Sign 22 Agreements

India and Bangladesh Sign 22 Agreements Why in news: ·       Twenty-two agreements were signed in the area of defence, nuclear energy, cyber security and media, though the two leaders witnessed the signing of only four pacts – on the judicial sector, a $4.5 billion development assistance line of credit, on outer space and on passenger and cruise services. ·       In addition, India has offered a new $500 million line of credit specifically for defence purchases. ·       The two leaders released the Hindi translation of the unfinished autobiography of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman and also named a road after Bangladesh’s founding father in the middle of Lutyens Delhi. ·       Modi announced that both countries will jointly produce a biopic on Sheikh Mujib, which will be released in 2020 on his birth centenary. Water-sharing ·       PM raised the Teesta issue himself in his statement to the media – with India aware that this issue was of utmost interest to the audience in Bangladesh. ·       In her statement, the Bangladesh prime minister added that not only the Teesta, but the Ganges barrage project was also discussed in the formal talks. ·       “We discussed the issues of water resources management including sharing of water of common rivers, including Teesta, the Padma-Ganga barrage project and basin management of common rivers. I sincerely believe that we will be able to get India’s support to resolve these issues expeditiously,” she said.. Third line of credit ·       With the new $4.5 billion offer, India has thrice extended lines of credit during bilateral visit of Bangladesh prime ministers in the last six years, which have been the biggest soft loans that New Delhi has proposed to any foreign country during that period. China role: ·       recent report by Centre for Policy Research’s Indian Development Cooperation Research on India’s aid for Bangladesh noted that heightened Chinese interest should mean that kinks in the implementation of Indian development aid be ironed out fast. ·       “Moreover, such an active Chinese interest necessitates India to push forward its own model of development cooperation, express its weight as Bangladesh’s support structure at global level and importantly, to filter out some of the problems highlighted above with respect to disbursal of LOCs and implementation of Indian LOC financed projects in Bangladesh,” said the report. Building a defence relationship ·       China’s presence is more dominant in another sector, where India offered a completely new soft loan on Saturday. Around 80% of Bangladesh’s military equipment is brought from China, including strategic purchases like submarines. ·       However, it is much more difficult to wean Bangladesh off Chinese defence equipment. According to the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute, around 17% of Chinese arms exports in 2015 and 2016 went to Bangladesh. ·       Therefore, while Bangladesh has been sending an increasing number of military personnel to India for training, Dhaka still looks towards Beijing for technical training to use Chinese defence platforms. ·       The new line of credit, which allows Bangladesh to buy around $500 million worth of Indian defence equipment, has been planned to chip away at this dependence on China. ·       In toto, four defence-related agreements were signed, which include a defence framework pact and two MoUs between defence colleges. ·       The two leaders agreed to foster mutually beneficial and deeper defence cooperation, taking into account the illustrious history of cooperation which began with both forces’ joint operation during Bangladesh’s Great Liberation War in December 1971”. Talking about terrorism ·       With Hasina on his side, Modi again took aim at Pakistan for fomenting terrorism in the neighbourhood at the event to commemorate Indian contribution to Bangladesh’s fight for independence. ·       Meanwhile, Modi publicly expressed his admiration for Hasina’s “zero-tolerance” policy for terrorism. Power and connectivity ·       Along with transport connectivity, India and Bangladesh are also bound through power and fuel links. ·       Bangladesh already draws 600 megawatt from the Indian grid, with another 500 megawatt to added through the Bheramara-Bahrampur inter-connection. ·       The two countries have agreed on a power evacuation scheme between Assam and Bihar, from which Bangladesh can draw 1000 MW power supply through tapping points at Parbatipur. Discussions have also begun for additional supply of 340 megawatt from NTPC stations. ·       One of the transport links that the two premiers remotely launched was the delivery of a diesel consignment, which is the harbinger of a much closer relationship on fuel supply. ·       Three MoUs were signed in nuclear energy on Saturday, which included an inter-government cooperation in peaceful uses of civil nuclear energy.   ·       Russia is constructing Bangladesh’s first nuclear power plant at Rooppur, for which India has been training Bangladeshi nuclear scientists for the last two years....

Publishes on : 10-Apr-2017 11:27 AM
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bharat ias - ISRO to team up to Geo-Tag Agricultural Assets

ISRO to team up to Geo-Tag Agricultural Assets

ISRO to team up to Geo-Tag Agricultural Assets Why in news: ·       The Union Agriculture Ministry has joined hands with the National Remote Sensing Centre (NRSC), a wing of Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) for geo-tagging agricultural assets. ·         In this regard, Agriculture Ministry under the Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojna (RKVY) and NRSC have signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU).   Info: ·       The move will help bring transparency in governance due to real-time monitoring and effective utilisation of agricultural assets such as ponds, crop area, warehouses and laboratories etc ·       . At present, officials provide information on the assets manually, so there is no transparency. Geo-tagging will provide realistic status of assets. ·        It will not only help in monitoring and utilising assets but will be useful in formulating schemes for development in the agricultural sector ·       . It will also help in avoiding duplication of data. ·        Utilisation of space technology will help farmers to further get access to pesticide testing labs, storage infrastructure, and market-related information. About  Geotagging: ·       It is the process of adding geographical identification like latitude and longitude to various media such as a photo or video. ·       It helps user to find a wide variety of location-specific information from a device. ·        It provides users the pinpoint location of the content of a given picture.    Geomapping: It is a visual representation of the geographical location of geotagged assets layered on top of map or satellite imagery. 


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Publishes on : 10-Apr-2017 11:23 AM
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bharat ias - 100 years of Champaran Satyagraha: PM to inaugurate Swachhagraha exhibition tomorrow;

100 years of Champaran Satyagraha: PM to inaugurate Swachhagraha exhibition tomorrow;

100 years of Champaran Satyagraha: PM to inaugurate Swachhagraha exhibition tomorrow; 


Why in news: ·       The Prime Minister will inaugurate an exhibition titled “Swachhagraha – Bapu Ko Karyanjali – Ek Abhiyan, Ek Pradarshani” in the national capital tomorrow to mark the 100 years of Mahatma Gandhi’s first experiment of Satyagraha in Champaran. ·       He will also launch an ‘Online Interactive Quiz’ at the event which is being organized by the National Archives of India. About champaran satyagraha: ·       A century ago, Indians became Satyagrahis and fought colonialism. Today, let us become Swachhagrahis& create a Swachh Bharat. ·       Champaran, is a district in the state of Bihar, tens of thousands of landless serfs, indentured labourers and poor farmers were forced to grow indigo (poppy/opium) and similar cash crops by the British East India company and subsequently, the British government in colonized India. The farmers and labourers were forced to grow indigo instead of food crops which were necessary for their survival. This indigo was bought from them at a very low price to export to China as opium ·       Suppressed by the ruthless militias of the landlords (mostly British), they were given measly compensation, leaving them in extreme poverty. Now in the throes of a devastating famine, the British levied a harsh tax which they insisted on increasing the rate. ·        Without food and without money, the situation was growing progressively unlivable and the peasants in Champaran revolted against conditions in indigo plant cultivation in 1914 (at Pipra) and in 1916 at (Turkaulia). Raj Kumar Shukla, an indigo cultivator, persuaded Gandhi to go to Champaran and thus, the Champaran Satyagraha began. Gandhi arrived in Champaran 10 April 1917 with a team of eminent lawyers: Brajkishore Prasad, Rajendra Prasad, Anugrah Narayan Sinha  and others including Acharya Kripalani. ·       While many civic groups sent petitions and published editorials, Gandhi proposed satyagraha - non-violence, mass civil disobedience. Gandhi also insisted that neither the protestors in Bihar nor in Gujarat allude to or try to propagate the concept of Swaraj (freedom)or Independence. This was not about political independence, but a revolt against harsh conditions amidst a humanitarian disaster. While accepting participants and help from other parts of India, Gandhi insisted that no other district or province revolt against the Government, and that the Indian National Congress not get involved apart from issuing resolutions of support, to prevent the British from giving it cause to use extensive suppressive measures and brand the revolts as treason    ...

Publishes on : 10-Apr-2017 11:22 AM
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