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bharat ias - Tel Aviv on tenterhooks

Tel Aviv on tenterhooks

  Why in News? Recently, the United States abstained on UN Security Council resolution 2334, which condemned Israel’s settlement activity in the occupied territory of the West Bank and East Jerusalem. Israel pressured the U.S. to veto the resolution, but US did not oblige. Malaysia, New Zealand, Venezuela and Senegal sponsored the resolution, which passed with 14 votes in favor and one abstention (the U.S.). However, Israel has rejected the resolution by saying that they have the right to build “homes in the Jewish people’s historic homeland” which further proudly reclaimed the land of our forefathers. Background: In 1967, Israel seized the West Bank, East Jerusalem and the Gaza Strip. The UN Security Council passed a series of resolutions (242, 252, 298) within the next decade, asking Israel to withdraw from this land. The Oslo Accords (1994) also put in place the possibility of a Palestinian state, although it did not have an explicit statement to end settlement activity. Five years back, US had vetoed a similar resolution and US rejected in the strongest terms the legitimacy of continued Israeli settlement activity. Impact – Analysis:   Diplomats around the world are hoping that this action will help in pushing towards the two-state solution which is the common aspiration of the international community. Israel fears of the steps that would come after this resolution, particularly from the International Criminal Court (ICC). In January, 2015 International Criminal Court (ICC) has opened a preliminary investigation into Israel’s actions during the 2014 bombing of Gaza and into the illegal settlements. Now, this Resolution 2334 produces the political will for a full criminal investigation by the ICC. With Palestine as a recognized state in the UN as of 2012, and as a member of the ICC since 2014, with this resolution in force, the ICC could move in the next few months to a rigorous investigation of Israeli criminality. This would threaten the settlers in the West Bank and East Jerusalem, but it would also pressure Israeli soldiers to refuse to serve in any future criminal bombardment of Gaza. The Israeli establishment also worries that the ICC would legitimately turn its gaze on issues such as population transfer and war crimes. Till now, the vetoes from Washington prevented any legal foundation for ICC action against Israel. However, this situation has changed now and Pressure will mount on ICC to take the investigation forward. AntónioGuterres, the UN’s new Secretary-General has indicated that he will send a UN Support Mission to push for a two-state solution. On the other hand, U.S. President-elect Donald Trump has vowed to undo the resolution and threatened to end U.S. funding to the UN....

Publishes on : 04-Jan-2017 06:48 PM
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